When we believe of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the very first issue which historically comes to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But little by little that’s all shifting as a outcome of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based in the village of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more frequently known as the Sierra Norte, the state’s principal ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to teach both Mexicans and website visitors to the country in the lower-cost cultivation of a range of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing research with regards to the best possible climatic locations and the variety of substrata for mushroom lifestyle.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Of course, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my interest in mushrooms seems like a prolonged way to vacation,” Mathieu defined in a recent interview in Oaxaca. “But there truly was not considerably of an prospect to carry out reports and increase a organization in Western Europe,” he carries on, “because reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but fully eradicated by The Church in excess of the training course of centuries and I realized that Mexico nonetheless maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional value of hongos. Mexico is considerably from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is a lot more than a five hour generate from the closest metropolitan middle. Accordingly, Mathieu sooner or later understood that staying in Huautla, even though keeping an historic attract and currently being in a geographic region conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to increase a enterprise and cultivate popular interest in learning about fungi. Mathieu turned cognizant of the burgeoning reputation of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and without a doubt the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu achieved Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Metropolis in 2002. The two shared related interests Jiménez had studied agronomy, and for near to a 10 years had been working with sustainable agriculture initiatives in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become business, and then lifestyle companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on three mushroom species in their fingers-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-working day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also teaching a fair bit about the medicinal uses of mushrooms, so much more time is necessary,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it’s predominantly [but not completely] a training course on cultivation.”
psilocybin chocolate coaching seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez program to expand functions to incorporate the two the central valleys and coastal locations of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers growing various mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation dependent on the certain microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and thus as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to different climatic regions is outstanding. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of different substrata, and that’s what we are experimenting with right now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown on products which would or else be waste, these kinds of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (such as the fibrous squander created in mezcal distillation), peas, the common river reed known as carriso, sawdust, and the record goes on. Agricultural waste which may possibly normally be still left to rot or be burned, every with adverse environmental implications, can type substrata for mushroom cultivation. It must be famous, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, inexperienced business. Above the past a number of years Mexico has in truth been at the fore in numerous places of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even greater environmental great:
“They can keep up to thirty thousand times their mass, having implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been employed to thoroughly clean up oil spills by way of absorption and as a result are an crucial motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Analysis has been carried out with mushrooms in the struggle against carpenter ant destruction it truly is been proposed that the use of fungi has the prospective to fully revamp the pesticide market in an environmentally pleasant way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-friendly programs for mushroom use, and in each situation the mushroom continues to be an edible by-product. Just take a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Ways Mushrooms Can Conserve The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can frequently be found offering their goods on weekends in the natural and organic markets in Oaxaca. They are each far more than pleased to talk about the dietary price of their goods which range from naturally their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with either chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can’t be found in fruits or greens, and accordingly a diet which contains fungi is really important for vegetarians who can not get B12, most usually contained in meats. Mushrooms can easily be a substitute for meats, with the advantage that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones usually discovered in industrially processed meat merchandise.
Mico-lógica also market teas and extracts produced from various mushroom species, each formulated as either a nutritional complement, or for their medicinal qualities. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological therapy for severe conditions, Mathieu’s very own investigation points to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-background, to the present. He notes qualities of mushrooms which can support to restore the immune system, and hence the use of fungi as a enhance in the treatment method of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetic issues and treating higher cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the organic generation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It is so straightforward, it involves a minimal capital investment decision, and it supplies significant rewards, each for those ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal motives, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. However most of the dried mushrooms offered in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural. It is a real disgrace on quite a few amounts.”
Mexico and mushrooms have appear a prolonged way considering that the era of Oaxaca’s María Sabina. With the ongoing initiatives of Mathieu, Jiménez and Mico-lógica, it should not be long just before the world understands and embraces the magic of mushrooms within a a lot broader context.